Henricus Park/Dutch Gap Conservation Area

Important Notices

COVID-19 & the VBWTBefore heading out to visit a site on the Virginia Bird & Wildlife Trail, be sure to check if that site has any COVID-19 policies or closures in place. This information is typically posted on a site's own website.


The park entrance road follows along the shoreline of Aikens Swamp where two observation platforms and a boardwalk provide easy wildlife viewing. From late fall through late winter, visitors can observe a diversity of waterfowl such as northern shovelers, ring-necks, gadwalls, widgeons and blue-winged teals. In early spring, the songs of chorus frogs, spring peepers, cricket frogs, and American toads erupt from the swamp. Green and gray tree frogs follow the chorus into summer. Early spring brings osprey and yellow and prothonotary warblers. Rare sightings include the least bittern and gallinule. Throughout the year, visitors can view bald eagles, barred owls and red-shouldered hawks. Common mammal sightings include muskrats and beavers. Rarer sightings include river otter and mink. Snapping, painted, mud and spotted turtles can be viewed as well.
Visitors can also hike or bike the Dutch Gap Trail that starts next to the Henricus Visitor Center. The first half-mile takes visitors along a tidal wetlands and meadow. American goldfinches, eastern bluebirds, blue grosbeaks, eastern phoebes and sparrow hawks can be observed in the meadow and along the fence line. Many aquatic species such as kingfishers, great blue herons and great egrets can be observed in the wetlands.

At the half-mile post, the trail splits to form a 3.5-mile circuit trail that circumnavigates the entire Tidal Lagoon. Many other aquatic species, such as gulls, terns, cormorants, and red-wing blackbirds, can be observed in the Tidal Lagoon. Between mileposts 3.4 and 3.5, a heron rookery can easily be observed in the tidal lagoon before the trees leaf out. Ospreys are common from spring through summer, and bald eagles can be observed year-round.
Almost the entire section of the 3.5-mile circuit passes through a bottomland forest where turkey and white-tailed deer forage. During the summer, tiger swallowtail, spicebush swallowtail and silver-spotted skippers can be viewed. Zebra swallowtails can be seen around the patches of pawpaw. Dragonfly species such as eastern pondhawks, common whitetails, golden-winged skimmers and eastern amberwings can been seen throughout the summer and early fall.

A 2.5 mile tidal lagoon water trail allows exploration by kayak or canoe. From here, wetlands, islands, and a heron rookery may be observed. A map of the lagoon water trail is available on the park’s website. Additionally, individuals and groups can schedule a private kayak/ canoe tour in the tidal lagoon. Contact the park for details.


Physical Address: 251 Henricus Park Road, Chester, VA 23836.

From the Previous Site on the Appomattox Loop of the VBWT:

From Richmond National Battlefield Park at Drewrys Bluff, head south on Fort Darling Rd toward Bellwood Rd. Turn right onto Bellwood Rd and travel a half mile. Make a slight left onto Chester Rd. Turn left at the first cross street onto US-1 S/ US-301 S/ Jefferson Davis Hwy. Turn left onto Rio Vista St. Turn left onto Coxendale Rd and follow it for  over 2 miles, crossing  I-95 along the way and going past Old Stage Road. Turn right into the entrance marked by the Henricus Park sign.

Location & Directions

View on Google Maps

Site Information

  • Site Contact: Chesterfield County Naturalist: 804-748-1623, battistam@chesterfield.gov
  • Website
  • Access: Daily, 8 a.m. - sunset

Birds Recently Seen at Henricus Park/Dutch Gap Conservation Area (as reported to eBird)

  • Canada Goose
  • Wood Duck
  • Northern Shoveler
  • Gadwall
  • Northern Pintail
  • Green-winged Teal
  • Ring-necked Duck
  • Bufflehead
  • Hooded Merganser
  • Mourning Dove

Seasonal Bird Observations


  • Visitor/Nature Center
  • Bike Trails
  • Environmental Study Area
  • Hiking Trails
  • Information
  • Interpretive Nature Program
  • Interpretive Trail
  • Parking
  • Phone
  • Picnic
  • Restrooms
  • Kayak/Canoe Launch
  • Viewing Blinds